‘One China’ Policy up for Question

Section Editor: Malcolm Green

Concerning its trading policy with the U.S. and its increasing naval presence over the Pacific, China is easily distinguishable by most Americans to be a nation that is keen on maintaining its capacity to secure their political interests through economic and military intimidation.

However, since the modern nation’s founding, there has been a continuous controversy revolving around the island of Taiwan. The initial Republic of China had gained control over Taiwan and Manchurian provinces, both were territories that Japan had conquered in World War Two, and remained in control for only four years after the war had ceased.

After, the Communists led by Mao Zedong had successfully seized the government, an endeavor which was ongoing before World War Two but was achieved because the nationalist government had taken severe causalities fighting the industrialized Japan and were forced to retreat to Taiwan.

This separation of China led to confusion in the diplomatic community and divisions have arose as to which China to officially recognize, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) are the two modern nations vying for the title of China.

The former is the most commonly recognized China and is easily recognizable as the mainland China. The latter is the island of Taiwan and both have been claiming that they are the true bearers to the China name since 1949.

mao

Mao Zedong, the first Communist leader ofChinaa, would institute policies that would ensure a long-lasting conflict between the Taiwanese and mainland Chinese people. (Photo Courtesy of Creative Commons)

 

America’s stance since has been that Taiwan is not a sovereign nation, but is also not subject to the same authority of mainland China. Autonomy is regularly questioned as the Taiwanese are restricted from interfering in foreign affairs since leaders will deny involvement in the Taiwanese movement to prevent exacerbating Chinese relations.

Diplomats from both Taiwan and mainland China must adhere to a specific policy of not recognizing the other China as a separate China. Both Taiwan and mainland China are China or have claims to the title, but America has been a key proponent of retaining peace between the two nations.

Slight infractions by the Taiwanese people or foreign governments can signal to mainland China that Taiwan is considering a secessionist movement, despite functioning with full autonomy.

Nick Franco, a senior at Woodstock High school, deplored China’s overreaching jurisdiction as “A testament to China’s commitment to retain all remnants of autocracy that enveloped the country years after their civil war.”

This sentiment reverberated much of the resentment that Americans felt during and after the Communist takeover. Demonstrations denouncing the regime would persevere and

Once, a flag was up for adoption by Taiwan and mainland China considering invading, since the Taiwanese flag should be the mainland Chinese flag according to a one China policy.

Recently President Trump stated concerns with the One China policy, stating, “Everything is under negotiation, including ‘One China.”

sunflower-movement

Protesters from the Sunflower Movement in Taiwan have been occupying legislatures demanding a rescinding of trade deals with China that they view undermined Taiwanese legitimacy. (Photo Courtesy of Creative Commons)

 

The Chinese government refuses to negotiate on this policy and likely all Sino-US relations would be in jeopardy. Without the continuation of this policy, the Chinese government will not provide debt relief, participate in military preparations in the Pacific with U.S. forces, and will refuse to participate in Korean negotiations to de-escalate tensions between North Korea and South Korea.

Logan Birchmore, a sophomore at Etowah High School, stressed American involvement as “The only tested method to prevent Taiwan from being invaded or China intensely monitoring Taiwan communication.”

PRC terr.png

The official territories of both the PRC and ROC have been disputed for decades. (Photo courtesy of Creative Commons)

 

With the hostile tensions arising in the Pacific, any attempt to solve the disputed China boundaries would inevitably involve nations shifting policy away from sanctioning Taiwan as the true China, to a One China policy.

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